There are several approaches to treatment for cocaine addicts. Treatment for cocaine addicts involve both inpatient and outpatient programs. Treatment is often personalized, depending on the need of the patient. For example, if an addict has relapsed several times, the relapse component in the treatment of cocaine addicts should be included in his/ her rehabilitation program.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) & Behavioral Treatment
One of the most effective treatments is behavioral treatment. This type of treatment involves altering behavior in order to combat cocaine addiction. Once a patient reaches a stable state wherein he/ she has calmed down and is no longer seeking cocaine, rehabilitation treatment can be done. This can be through inpatient or outpatient programs. Ideally, through rehabilitation, old habits are broken. Likewise, drug usage “triggers” are identified and stayed away from.
Another approach to treatment for cocaine addicts is cognitive-behavioral therapy. Here, an individual is taught to focus on abstinence. According to this approach, cocaine addiction is a learned process – the same way, dependence on the substance can also be learned.
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) was developed as a method to prevent relapse when treating problem drinking, and later it was adapted for cocaine-addicted individuals. Cognitive-behavioral strategies are based on the theory that in the development of maladaptive behavioral patterns like substance abuse, learning processes play a critical role.
Through both treatment approaches, the user is taught to identify the triggers of cocaine usage, as well as the situations wherein they are likely to encounter the drug. Once these are identified, the user needs to learn how to avoid and cope with them.
Another major component of all treatment for cocaine addicts is the emotional and spiritual counselling. In a lot of cases, cocaine usage is linked with personal issues that plague the user. In receiving counselling for these issues, particularly those that involve guilt and shame, a user can learn to cope differently, without needing to turn to cocaine.
Backed by research
Research indicates that the skills individuals learn through cognitive-behavioral approaches remain after the completion of treatment. Current research focuses on how to produce even more powerful effects by combining CBT with medications for drug abuse and with other types of behavioral therapies.
A computer-based CBT system has also been developed and has been shown to be effective in helping reduce drug use following standard drug abuse treatment.